This is a condition in which the sheath surrounding the achilles tendon gets inflamed, causing pain at the back of the ankle. This normally results from athletic activities of achilles tendon overuse. Continued overuse of the achilles may create micro damages within the tendon which could be filled with scar tissue after healing. A Tendon filled with scar tissue becomes thick (tendinosis) and does not function very well. Tendinosis creates inflammation and pain which could lead to further weakening and rupture of the achilles tendon. Tendinosis may occur within the mid portion of the achilles tendon or at its insertion to the heel bone.
Achilles Tendon Rupture
Rupture of the achilles tendon can occur from direct trauma to the achilles tendon or indirectly as a result of sudden deceleration force while engaged in sporting activities. The injury can cause complete or incomplete separation of the achilles tendon, causing pain, inability to flex the ankle or a visible gap in the tendon. A visible bulge in the achilles tendon can happen in neglected achilles tendon ruptures that have tried to heal without proper treatment. If you think you may have ruptured your achilles tendon, you will need to be evaluated immediately for prompt treatment as delayed treatment may have debilitating consequences.
This is a painful condition that can arise out of inflammation to the peroneal tendon sheath, also as a result of overuse and normally associated with athletic injuries. This pain is located on the outer aspect of the ankle which could limit further physical activity.
Peroneal Tendon Tears
These are tears within the peroneal tendon on the outer part of the ankle at junctions where the peroneal tendon curves around the ankle. This injury may be associated with repeated ankle sprains. Typically individuals with very high arches may be prone to peroneal tendon tears. Treatment include correcting the foot deformity, removing and repairing the torn portion of the tendon to healthy and strong tissue.